What Can Cause Sick Saltwater Fish: Symptoms and Treatment
The best way to prevent fish diseases is by minimizing the stress that fish is exposed to. This can comprise feeding the fish a varied diet in the right servings; ensuring that the water quality is optimal; ensuring that the water temperature is appropriate; and preventing overcrowding.
What Can Cause Sick Saltwater Fish?
- Pathogens in the tank can cause fish illnesses.
- These pathogens can be viral, parasitic, fungal, or bacterial in nature and can thrive in the tank with the fish.
- Fish injuries can become infested with pathogens.
- Injuries can happen while fish is being shipped to new fish owners or when fish fight against other fish.
- Poor water quality can weaken a fish’s immune system, making it more susceptible to infections and other diseases.
- Genetic defects, although quite rare in store-bought fish, can also inevitably cause ailments.
What Are Some Sick Saltwater Fish Symptoms?
- Labored breathing, skin lesions and lethargy are common symptoms of a parasitical infestation.
- Cotton-like growth on the fish’s mouth and other body parts can indicate fungal infections.
- Change in the fish’s color and lethargy can often signify a systemic ailment caused by any (or a combination) of the disease-causing pathogens.
- Warts and a change in the fish’s skin texture can indicate a viral disease.
Treatment Methods for Saltwater Fish Ailments
- Treatment methods will vary depending on the cause and how advanced the disease is.
- Treatment usually starts by isolating the sick fish in order to prevent the spread of the disease.
- The tank water should be changed in order to remove the proliferation of any more pathogens that can infect other fish.
- If needed, specifically formulated medication should be mixed in the water.
- Different types of medications have different types of treatment duration; fish owners should follow the duration in order for the fish to completely heal.