Coccidia In Dogs Transmission: What Are Their Symptoms and Treatment?
Coccidia are one-celled protozoans that usually live in the intestines of cats and dogs. The diseases caused by these organisms are found most in young cats and dogs with less than six months old. Adult dogs and cats with suppressed immune system are likely to be targeted as well.
Coccidiosis is the disease most dogs encounter. Though, dogs have certain immunity to the said disease, still some display symptoms of this ailment. As mentioned above young dogs and those who have repressed immune system and stressed in any way are the ones mostly affected.
Coccidia are transmitted to puppies through frequent exposure to their mother’s feces. If the mother is discharging the infective cysts in her feces, then the puppies are most likely to ingest it and coccidia are certainly developed in their intestines. Some puppies may acquire coccidia through the infected ones as well.
Coccidia in Dogs Symptoms
Puppies and adult dogs with coccidiosis are likely to display the following symptoms.
- Diarrhea. This is the classic sign of the disease coccidiosis. The diarrhea can be serious or minor, depending on the severity of the condition. In severe cases, presence of mucous and blood in the feces may be found and is usually accompanied by an unpleasant odor.
- Infected dogs with severe case may also show disinterest in food, constant vomiting and signs of dehydration. These can cause fatality if dogs and puppies with coccidiosis are left untreated.
Treatment of Coccidia in Dogs
Luckily, coccidiosis is curable. Certain drugs have been proven efficient in treating this type of disease. These drugs do not kill the organisms but only limit the spread of it in the intestines.
Stopping the protozoans to reproduce may give puppies an ample time develop their immune system. Treatment of two to three weeks is required for a more successful outcome.
If the infection is very severe, veterinarians often advise IV fluids and hospitalization for a better result.
Prevention of Coccidia in Dogs
Because coccidia are acquired through the stool of the carrying dogs, it is important that the following are observed
- Strict sanitation practices. It is advisable that all feces found are removed. It is important that the dog house, food and water are not contaminated by the feces.
- Dogs must be provided with clean and food and water all the time
- Kill coccidia through the process of steam cleaning, incineration of feces, and 10 percent ammonia solution.
- Eliminate other insects such as flies and cockroaches as these spread the causative organisms.