Cobalamin Deficiency In Dogs: Causes, Treatment Of Low Methylcobalamin

Cobalamin Deficiency In Dogs: Causes & Treatment Of Low Methylcobalamin

December 28, 2010 | Healthy Dog | Leave a Comment |

Cobalamin Deficiency in Dogs

Cobalamin or vitamin B12 is essential to a dog’s health. It is also known as Methylcobalamin (B-12).  Finding the causes and treatment options for this deficiency is important to keep dogs healthy.

Causes of Low Cobalamin in Dogs

  • Failure to absorb cobalamin – This can result from the presence of a parasite of from some issues with the gastro intestinal system.
  • Lack of vitamin B 12 in the diet.
  • .

  • Genetic issues with cobalamin absorption

What is Cobalamin?

  • It is a vitamin that is aids in cell reproduction
  • It helps in maintaining energy levels
  • Stops the degeneration of nerve cells
  • Maintains the nervous system
  • It has been shown to aid in fighting diabetic neuropathy
  • It is not found in plant matter, instead it is found in meats and dairy products.
  • .

  • Also read symptoms of vitamin d overdose

What Happens in Vitamin B12 Deficiency?

When this vitamin is deficient, it can result in problems with the following:

  • Metabolism
  • Nervous System
  • Immune System

Symptoms of B12 Deficiency

Since B12 absorption problems can be inherited, symptoms of deficiency can show up in early life. Acute deficiencies can also happen to adult dogs.

  • Lethargy
  • Inability to gain weight
  • Anorexia – loss of appetite
  • Nerve Degeneration.
  • .

  • Pernicious Anemia


  • Taking of Medical History
  • Physical Exam
  • Diet History
  • Urinalysis
  • Blood chemistry
  • Complete Blood Count

The dog’s response to cobalamin supplementation may also be used to diagnose or confirm deficiency.


  • Supplementation – this is the most common treatment method for cobalamin deficiency
  • Dietary changes – for dogs that do not have a balanced diet.
  • .


Canine cobalamin supplements can come in the form of tablets, injections, liquids, and nasal gels. Diarrhea is a common side effect of supplementation. Dogs should not be given supplements if they are allergic to it.

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