Black Spots On Dog’s Eyes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Black Spots On Dog’s Eyes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

June 15, 2011 | Dog Diseases | Leave a Comment |

Factors to Consider About Spots on Dog’s Eyes

  • Take a good look at the dog’s eyes to check on the color and shape of the spot.
  • Observe the dog’s eyesight to see if the spot stays in the same location, regardless of the movement of the eye.
  • If the dog is still a puppy, it may be a congenital trait. For adults however, it needs additional attention from a doctor.
  • If the spot appears within the iris, monitor any change in shape, size or color in the next days or weeks.
  • Some spots on the iris are natural among dogs in the same manner as freckles on a human’s skin. Ask a veterinarian to check the dog if the spot’s outline has rough edges.

Things to Know About White/Cloudy Spots On Dogs Eyes

  • Cloudy white spots on the eyes of the dog do not necessarily indicate the presence of cataracts.
  • Dog owners should closely observe if these spots develop into increased cloudiness that can signify cataract formation.
  • There are a few reminders when a dog’s eye displays white spots:
    1. Check for any changes in the physical appearance of the dog’s eyes.
    2. If there are behavioral changes, test the dog’s eyesight for possible decrease in vision.
    3. If the dog is squinting, the spots may be causing undue discomfort.
    4. Monitor the eyes for any possible discharge, whether clear or discolored.
    5. Seek medical help if the dog’s eyes become red due to irritation.

Black Spots On Dogs Eyes

  • Dark pigments appearing on the eyes may be a sign of aging.
  • It may also indicate formation of a cyst inside the pupils of the eye that may need surgical removal.
  • What may appear as dark spots or freckles may be a case of early eye melanoma.
  • Breeds that are predisposed to eye melanoma are German Shepherds and Labrador Retrievers
  • The early stages of eye melanoma may appear as obvious spots that don’t affect the shape of the iris.
  • When the conditions develop into late stages, symptoms like pain and glaucoma and oftentimes resulting to blindness are inevitable.

Causes And Treatment

  • If the symptoms worsen, such as the spots developing in size and a more pronounced appearance, laboratory tests like goniscopy, Slit Lamp examination and tonometry are conducted by the doctor.
  • The veterinarian may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, if there is swelling, and other supplements.
  • For late stage melanoma, surgical procedure is needed to remove the cancerous tissue.

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