Black Spots On Dog’s Eyes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Factors to Consider About Spots on Dog’s Eyes
- Take a good look at the dog’s eyes to check on the color and shape of the spot.
- Observe the dog’s eyesight to see if the spot stays in the same location, regardless of the movement of the eye.
- If the dog is still a puppy, it may be a congenital trait. For adults however, it needs additional attention from a doctor.
- If the spot appears within the iris, monitor any change in shape, size or color in the next days or weeks.
- Some spots on the iris are natural among dogs in the same manner as freckles on a human’s skin. Ask a veterinarian to check the dog if the spot’s outline has rough edges.
Things to Know About White/Cloudy Spots On Dogs Eyes
- Cloudy white spots on the eyes of the dog do not necessarily indicate the presence of cataracts.
- Dog owners should closely observe if these spots develop into increased cloudiness that can signify cataract formation.
- There are a few reminders when a dog’s eye displays white spots:
- Check for any changes in the physical appearance of the dog’s eyes.
- If there are behavioral changes, test the dog’s eyesight for possible decrease in vision.
- If the dog is squinting, the spots may be causing undue discomfort.
- Monitor the eyes for any possible discharge, whether clear or discolored.
- Seek medical help if the dog’s eyes become red due to irritation.
Black Spots On Dogs Eyes
- Dark pigments appearing on the eyes may be a sign of aging.
- It may also indicate formation of a cyst inside the pupils of the eye that may need surgical removal.
- What may appear as dark spots or freckles may be a case of early eye melanoma.
- Breeds that are predisposed to eye melanoma are German Shepherds and Labrador Retrievers
- The early stages of eye melanoma may appear as obvious spots that don’t affect the shape of the iris.
- When the conditions develop into late stages, symptoms like pain and glaucoma and oftentimes resulting to blindness are inevitable.
Causes And Treatment
- If the symptoms worsen, such as the spots developing in size and a more pronounced appearance, laboratory tests like goniscopy, Slit Lamp examination and tonometry are conducted by the doctor.
- The veterinarian may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, if there is swelling, and other supplements.
- For late stage melanoma, surgical procedure is needed to remove the cancerous tissue.