Acute Renal (Kidney) Failure In Dogs: Symptoms, Prognosis & Treatment

Acute Renal (Kidney) Failure In Dogs: Symptoms, Prognosis And Treatment

December 31, 2010 | Healthy Dog | Leave a Comment |

There are many causes that can lead to ARF or acute renal failure and prompt treatment is necessary to help save and prolong the dog’s life.

Acute Renal Failure in Dogs:

  • Acute renal failure can occur suddenly and progress rapidly
  • The disease is characterized b:
    • Renal failure or insufficiency
    • Reduced GFR or glomerular filtration rate
    • Reduced renal plasma flow
    • Complications such as toxicity and uremia

Acute Renal Failure in Dogs Symptoms:

  • Appetite loss
  • Depression or change in behavior
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Halitosis or bad breath
  • Pallor or pale mucosa
  • Decreased urine output or oliguria
  • Anuria or absence of urine
  • Severe ARF may show signs of:
    • Irritability and listlessness
    • Depression
    • Anorexia
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting

Acute Renal Failure in Dogs Treatment:

  • The goal of treatment for dogs with ARF is to prevent or slow further damage to the kidneys.
  • Diuresis to help flush out the kidneys and help to stimulate function of kidney cells.
  • IV fluid therapy to help replace electrolytes that get affected with ARF.
  • Initiation of proper nutrition.
  • Controlling of diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Observance of special renal diet characterized by low protein, low phosphorous, and less acidic.
  • Removal of phosphates from the body with the use of phosphate binders.
  • Regulation of parathyroid gland and levels of calcium in the body.
  • Kidney transplant and dialysis may also be ordered.

Acute Renal Failure in Dogs Prognosis:

  • There are cases of ARF that are reversible especially when prompt treatment is given.
  • Most cases of ARF are quite severe. Dogs that produce little or no urine at all usually die.
  • Dogs that survive ARF are given four to twelve weeks for its kidney to recover.

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